Hari Raya Greetings and 5 other things you should know about Hari Raya 

Selamat Hari Raya Aidilfitri! This may be a tad early, but I’m excited for the festivities that will happen after a fruitful Ramandan. This year, Hari Raya Aidilifitiri or Hari Raya Puasa as it is known in Malay will happen in June. Whereas, Hari Raya Haji will occur in the month of August. Moreover, Muslims everywhere around the world will be celebrating Eid al-Fitr which marks the end of Ramadan. To help you prepare for this special occasion, here are 6 things you should know about Hari Raya Aidilfitri and beyond. 

1. Hari Raya 2018 Malaysia Dates

DateHolidayAreas
15 Jun 2018 (Fri)Hari Raya Aidilfitri 2018Nationwide
16 Jun 2018 (Sat)Hari Raya Puasa 2018 HolidayNationwide
17 Jun 2018 (Sun)Hari Raya Aidilfitri 2018 HolidayStates of Johor, Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu
22 Aug 2018 (Wed)Hari Raya Aidiladha / Hari Raya Haji 2018 HolidayNationwide
23 Aug 2018 (Thur)Hari Raya Aidiladha / Hari Raya Haji 2018 HolidayStates of Johor, Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu

According to the Islamic Lunar calendar, Hari Raya Aidilfitri falls on the 15th, 16th and 17th of June in 2018. This occasion will be celebrated nationwide on the 15th and 16th and commemorated on the 17th of June in the other States of Johor, Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu. Similarly, Hari Raya Haji or Hari Raya Aidilaha will be celebrated nationwide first on the 22th of August and commemorated on the 23rd of August in other states. These are the two holiest days of the Islamic calendar and are joyous times for Muslims. 

2. What is Hari Raya Aidilfitri?

Known as Eid al-Fitr around the world, it goes by the name of Hari Raya Puasa or Hari Raya Aidilfitri in Malay. It is called this in Malaysia due to the widespread use of the Malay language. Contrary to some misconceptions, Hari Raya Aidilfitri is not part of the Muslim New Year.

Instead, Hari Raya Aidilfitri is celebrated at the end of Ramadan – the holy month where observing Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset. Muslims fast in appreciation of what has been given to them by Allah. Through the act of fasting, Muslims can learn discipline and more empathy towards the less fortunate by experiencing what they experience. Thus, fasting is considering a vital religious duty for Muslims.

On the last night of Ramadan, Hari Raya Aidilfitri is celebrated. This is a celebration that is considered sacred to Muslims. A donation to charity is required for God to recognize a Muslim’s commitment to the act of fasting during Ramadan. On that same evening, Muslims will head to the Mosque for Salat or the evening prayer. Afterwards, they will engage in celebration with their family, close friends over a delicious meal. In addition, this is a particularly joyous time as Hari Raya Aidilfitri marks the end of the religious obligations of Ramadan and the absolving of sins.

3. Actual Day Celebration

On the day itself, this is what happens. Muslims get up at the crack of dawn to go to the Mosque to thank God for his blessings and providence. This is then followed up by the younger generation seeking forgiveness from their elders for their wrongdoings. In return, the elders will then give them green packets. After this, Muslims will visit either visit their families and friends or open their house. If you are invited to this ‘open house’, here are some etiquette tips that you should take note of.

4. Ucapan Hari Raya Aidilfitri (Hari Raya Aidilfitri Greetings)

Assalaamu ‘alaikum (Peace be unto you). For Hari Raya Aidilfitri, there are some great greetings that are specific to this occasion. We will be going through some of them here.


Selamat Hari Raya Puasa- Happy Eid-ul-Fitr

Usage: This greeting can be said throughout the whole duration of Hari Raya Aidilfitri to wish your loved ones’ joy and safety this Hari Raya Puasa.


Selamat Hari Raya Aidilfitri - Happy Eid-ul-Fitr

Usage: This greeting can be used interchangeably with Selamat Hari Raya Puasa if you are looking for a bit more variation.


Maaf Zahir Dan Batin- Forgive my Transgressions (Both internal and external wrongdoings)

Usage: This phrase is used right after the greeting Selmat Hari Raya Aidilfitri or Selamat Hari Raya Puasa. So, in conversation, you can say, “Selmat Hari Raya Puasa, Maaf zahir Dan Batin.”

5. Traditional Clothing Worn on Hari Raya

On the day itself, families will be decked out in the best traditional clothing. Often, families will take the effort to wear colour coordinated outfits.

Women will wear either the Baju Kurong, Kebaya or Jubah. Women have more of a choice when it comes to outfits as it does not really matter if you wear a Baju Kurong, Kebaya or Jubah. On the other hand, Men will wear the version of the Baju Kurong intended for males accompanied by a Kain Samping (Cloth wrapped around the trousers of the Baju Kurong). Whereas some men will wear a Songkok - a cap in the shape of a truncated cone usually made of black felt, cotton or velvet. 

Additionally, modern sensibilities have made it into traditional Hari Raya clothing; making it more beautiful and intricate. If you are looking for Baju Melayu Moden like this, you can head on over to FashionValet via ShoBack for awesome Hari Raya pieces with up to 4% cashback!

6. Soak up the Suasana Hari Raya (Hari Raya Atmosphere) 

Throughout the month of Ramadan and Hari Raya Puasa, there will be many Ramadan Bazaars open. At these bazaars, the mood is really festive as all sorts of food and kuih kuih (Traditional Malay Cakes). In addition, at these Bazaars, there would be rows and rows of stalls selling an assortment of Hari Raya goodies, costume jewelry and outfits so do come prepared to spend money.

Alternatively, you can indulge in Ramadan Buffets that can be found on Eatigo.

Now that you’ve gone through this list, I hope that you would have gained a bit of insight into Hari Raya Aidilfitri.

And from all of us at ShopBack, especially to our Muslims friends. Selamat Berpuasa! And have a great year ahead.